Sandy

Sandy Utah


Sandy is located at the base of the Wasatch Mountains, 15 miles south of Salt Lake City.

Sandy is in close proximity to the University of Utah, Salt Lake Community College, Brigham Young University and the Westminster College.
Sandy is a gateway to Alta, Brighton, Snowbird, and Solitude Ski Resorts.

Information



Located at the base of the Wasatch Range near the mouth of Little and Big Cottonwood Canyons and 4 major ski resorts. One of the first cities in Utah to incorporate, celebrated centennial year during 1993.

Most Famous For: Most married and youngest population in U.S. (1980 Census).

Attractions: Gateway to Alta, Brighton, Snowbird and Solitude Ski Resorts

Population: 100,668

Elevation: 4,500

Visitor Information: Sandy Government Center, 10000 S. Centennial Pkway (I70 West), Phone: 801-566-1561

City Parks: 23 parks

Churches: All major denominations

Medical Services:
• Alta View Hospital, 9660 S. 1300 E., 801-576-2600
• Sandy Emergi-Care, 580 E. 9400 S., 801-572-1616

Auto Services: 33 gas stations, 50 auto repair

Walking Tours: Sandy Historic District & Museum, 801-566-0878, 801-566-1561

History



Located at the base of the Wasatch Mountains thirteen miles south of Salt Lake City, Sandy was a likely area for early settlement. The area was first used by nomadic bands of Paiute, Shoshone, and Bannock Indians who roamed along the base of the mountains as they traveled from their winter home at Utah Lake to their summer fishing grounds at Bear Lake.

Permanent settlers first moved into Sandy during the 1860s and 1870s because of the availability of land in the less crowded southern end of the Salt Lake Valley. The original plat was essentially one square mile, situated on an alluvial terrace running north and south along the eastern edge of the Jordan River drainage system and paralleling the mountain range.

In 1863 there were only four homes between Union (7200 South) and Dunyon (Point of the Mountain): the Thayne homestead at 6600 South and 800 East, one in Crescent, one at Dunyon, and a fourth outside present-day Sandy boundaries altogether. Within a few years, Thomas Allsop, a Yorkshire farmer who had immigrated to Utah in 1853, owned almost half of present-day Sandy from County Road to Fourth East along Alta Road to Lindell Parkway. LeGrand Young owned the land between Fourth East and State Street.

Farmers willing to try their hand at the thirsty soil that inspired Sandy’s name took up land along State Street, which stretched from downtown Salt Lake City to Point of the Mountain. But it was mining that shaped Sandy’s first four decades. When silver mining began in Little Cottonwood Canyon, entrepreneurs recognized Sandy’s value as a supply station; soon its main street was lined with hotels, saloons, and brothels serving miners ready to spend their newly earned wages. Three major smelters were located in Sandy–the Flagstaff, the Mingo, and the Saturn–making Sandy the territory’s most significant smelting center for a number of years.

The railroad was also significant in determining the course of Sandy’s history. Built in 1873, the railroad connected Sandy to Salt Lake City and facilitated the transportation of ore and other products both in and out of the area. A streetcar line in 1907 facilitated the transportation of locals to jobs in Salt Lake City; and the automobile later continued to serve that function.

When the mines failed in the 1890s, Sandy faltered, then underwent a significant economic transformation into an agricultural community. The fact that Sandy did not disappear, like so many other mining towns that dwindled with their mother lodes, was due to its location, resources, and the spirit of its inhabitants.

Sandy was incorporated in 1893, largely as part of an effort to combat what Mormon inhabitants considered “unsavory” elements in the town. Due to its mine-based beginnings, Sandy was somewhat of a boom town, unlike the majority of other rural Utah towns. After incorporation, it was almost as if Sandy had redefined itself. Gone were the large numbers of single, transient men. By 1900 there was only a handful of saloons and hotels, and Sandy began to more closely resemble other rural Utah towns–a place where everyone knew everyone else. Church, farming, business, and family formed the focus of the inhabitants’ world.

This pace and way of life continued for more than six decades, interrupted only by wars, the Depression, and the changing seasons. No significant jumps in population, economic trends, or social patterns altered the predictable and stable rhythm of life.

In the late 1960s, however, this rural town dramatically changed course with its second boom. It had always been assumed by local leaders and citizens that Sandy would grow outward from its logical and historic center–the nexus of Main and Center streets. However, population growth overwhelmed the physical center as neighborhoods spread out in every direction over the land.

During the 1970s, pocket communities took shape, providing the services, schools, and shopping traditionally offered by a city. Annexation issues became prominent as Salt Lake County and Sandy vied for control over land and resources. Sandy became a collection of small local communities identified by a youthful, family-oriented population. For many it seemed that Sandy was a bedroom community, an extension of Salt Lake City. Nevertheless, in the 1980s Sandy officials worked to create a community with an identity of its own and a vision for the future.

Sandy High School students originally attended Jordan High School, which was completed in 1913. In 1962 Hillcrest High School was completed, followed by Brighton in 1969 and Alta in 1978. Sandy students attend seven middle schools and over a dozen elementary schools. The community is served by a new modern library completed in 1991.

Sandy’s major employers at the present are Alta View Hospital, Becton Dickinson/Deseret Medical, Economy Builders Supply, Jordan School District, MacManagement, Sandy City, Shopko, Wasatch Building Products, Inc., Western Rehabilitation Institute, Discover Card, and the South Towne Mall.

Christian denominations with congregations in Sandy include Alta Canyon Baptist Church, Berean Baptist Church, Blessed Sacrament Church, Church of Christ of South Salt Lake, Community of Grace Presbyterian Church, Eleventh Hour Christian Church, Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, Grace Community Bible Church, Grace Lutheran Church, Hilltop United Methodist Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mountain View Christian Assembly, Sandy Baptist Church, Seventh-day Adventists, and South East Baptist Church. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has numerous stakes and wards. The city’s population in 1990 was 75,058.

Orem

In 1919 a petition was distributed calling for the incorporation of the area known as the Provo Bench. This was accomplished and the town was organized and called “Orem” after Walter C. Orem, president of the Salt Lake and Utah Railroad.

Orem is a beautiful city located next to the Wasatch Range of the Rocky Mountains, and is in the center of Utah Valley along with the city Provo, Utah.

Orem has been consistently ranked high on the Money Magazine’s ‘Best places to live in America’ survey.

Some of the activities in Orem include; shopping at University Mall, golfing, hiking, biking and much more!

Attractions

There are plenty of attractions to keep your family busy while in Salt Lake City. Many of the attractions are family-oriented. Children will love Lagoon amusement park, the Hogle Zoo, or Hansen Planetarium. Adults will enjoy shopping at historic Trolley Square or finding information on an ancestor at the LDS Family History Center.

Draper Historic Theatre

12366 South 900 East, East Draper
(801) 572-4144
• DHT is a non-profit arts organization dedicated to providing quality family entertainment as well as positive, character building theatrical experience for our participants. DHT produces 6 exciting shows per year – two of them in our signature Broadway Kidz format which allows many young people an opportunity to participate.
• The theater was built in 1938 and converted for live performances in 1988. Now run by it’s volunteer non-profit board the stage is set for many improvements in the years to come.
• Has 180 seats on a sloped theater floor
• Ticket prices are $6 – $10. $2 off coupons available at the website

Temple Square
50 W. South Temple, Salt Lake City
800-537-9703, 801-250-2534
• More than 7 million visitors each year
• Free guided tours available every 10 minutes in the summer, and every 15 minutes in winter
• Beautiful garden in the summer, and more than 300,000 lights adorn the grounds in the winter
• Several important buildings to the Mormon culture are located on the square, including the Salt Lake Temple, the Tabernacle building with its magnificent pipe organ, and the Assembly Hall where concerts are held throughout the year.

Salt Lake Temple
50 W. South Temple, Salt Lake City
• Stands on Temple Square, a 10-acre block in downtown Salt Lake City
• Construction began in 1853 and was completed and dedicated 40 years later in 1893
• Granite hauled from Little Cottonwood Canyon, 20 miles southeast of Salt Lake City
• Walls stand 16 feet thick at base and 8 feet thick at top

7 year round ski and summer resorts:

All within one hours driving time from the international airport include; Alta, Brighton, The Canyons, Deer Valley, Park City, Snowbird, and Solitude

The Great Salt Lake
• The largest body of water between the Great Lakes and the Pacific Ocean
• 70 miles long and 30 miles wide
• The lake is eight times saltier than the ocean.
• Only brine shrimp live in the waters

Antique – Classic Automobile Museum
355 West 700 South
• Over 100 classic automobiles on display and for sale.
• Classics include 1906 Cadillac, Packards, Pierce Arrows, V-12s and V16s.
• Celebrity cars are also on display.
• All displays are indoors.

The Delta Center
301 W. South Temple
• Features many sporting events, concerts, and conventions
• The future site of the Figure skating and Short Track Speed Skating events for the 2002 Olympics

Trolley Square
602 E. 500 S. Salt Lake City
801-521-9877
• More than 144 trolleys served the Valley from this location in 1914
• Service was discontinued in 1945
• Two floors of shopping and dining with over 90 shops and 20 restaurants
• Theater complex with four screens

University of Utah
210 S. President’s Circle, Salt Lake City
801-581-7200
• 26,000 students
• Among the top 50 public research universities in the nation
• 68 undergraduate programs and 50 teaching major and minors are offered

Family History Library
35 N. West Temple, Salt Lake City
801-240-2331
• 250 microfilm camera operators record birth, marriage, death, probate, immigration, military and other records in 53 countries
• 2 million rolls of microfilmed records with more than 2 billion names, 400,000 microfiche and 250,000 books
• Records date from the mid-1500s to 1920
• Hours are Monday 7:30 am to 6 pm, and Tuesday – Saturday until 10 PM

Kennecott Utah Copper Bingham Mine
Copperton.
Phone: 801-252-3234
• World’s largest open-pit copper mines
• 1/2 a mile deep
• 2 1/2 miles across
• Open to visitors from April to October 8th
• Admission is $3.00 per car and $2.00 per motorcycle

Lagoon Amusement Park
375 N. Lagoon Dr., Farmington
801-451-8000 or (800) 748-5246
• 35 rides
• Entire day passports are $25.95 for people 51 inches high to 59 years of age. (Prices are subject to change.)
• Children 4 years old to 50 inches tall get in for $19.95. Toddlers younger than 3 and adults older than 60 can stay at the park for $12.50. (Prices are subject to change.)

Lagoona Beach
375 N. Lagoon Dr., Farmington
801-451-8000 or (800) 748-5246
• 2 activity pools
• Tropical Oasis
• Water Slides
• Tube Slides

Hansen Planetarium
15 S. State St., Salt Lake City
801-538-2104 or (800) UTAH-NET
• Two floors of exhibits including a moon rock
• Domed theater features star shows and laser/music shows
• Hours are Monday through Thursday 9:30 am to 9:00 PM, and until Midnight on Friday and Saturday
• Admission for Star and Science shows is $3.50 for children and seniors and $4.50 for teens and adults.
• Admission for the Laser shows is $5.00 for children 12 and under and $6.00 for teens and adults. (*Prices are subject to change)

Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine
331 E. South Temple, Salt Lake City
801-328-8941
• Dedicated in 1909
• Beautiful stain glass windows
• Carved angels above the confessionals
• Open to public 8 am to 9 PM

Children’s Museum of Utah

840 N. 300 W., Salt Lake City
801-322-5268
• Museum focuses on teaching kids while they play
• Museum includes a miniature town – grocery store, gas station, and ATM machine
• Children can freeze their shadow on the wall
• Art project area
• Magicians, clowns, artists perform at specific times
• Monday-Thursday and Saturday, Hours are from 9:30 am to 5 PM
• $3.00 for children and adults, children under 2 are free
• Museum is open until 8 PM on Friday, and everyone older than 2 gets in for $1.50
• A child younger than 14 must have an adult accompanying them.

Gallivan Utah Center Plaza
36 E. 200 S., Salt Lake City
801-532-0459
• Outdoor chessboard with 2-foot-tall pieces
• Wildlife Wall
• Story Wall

Gardner Historic Village
1095 W. 7080 S., West Jordan
801-566-8903
• Water powered saw mill
• Archibald’s Restaurant
• Admission is free

Hill Aerospace Museum
7961 Wardleigh Dr., Roy
801-777-6868
• More than 57 airplanes
• Open 7 days a week, except holidays
• Hours are from 9 am to 4:30 PM, Monday through Friday and until 5:30 PM on Saturday and Sunday.
• Admission is free

Hogle Zoo
2600 E. Sunnyside Ave. (800 S.),
Salt Lake City 801-584-1750
• More than 900 amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles from across the world, on 42 acres of land at the mouth of Emigration Canyon.
• Hogle Zoo’s newest exhibit, Asian Highland, features over 15,000 square feet of outdoor habitat, with five species of felines.
• Steam engine tour around Desert Canyon at the Zoo
• Hours are 9 am to 5 pm March 1 through October 31; 9 am to 4 pm November 1 through February 28
• Hogle Zoo is closed only on Christmas Day and New Year’s Day.
• Admission is $8.00 for adults and senior citizens and children ages 3 to 12 $6.00. Children 2 years of age and under are free (*Prices are subject to change)

Peppermint Palace
155 E. 200 N. Alpine
801-756-7400
• Chocolates, nut brittle, licorice, candy sticks
• Watch candy being made on the observation deck
• Open 10 am to 2 PM

Pioneer Village at Lagoon
375 N. Lagoon Dr., Farmington
801-451-8000 or (800) 748-5246
• Old time Jailhouse
• Carriage rides
• Log flume ride
• Firearms museum

Raging Waters
1200 W. 1700 S., Salt Lake City
801-972-3300
• 30 Water slides
• World’s only water roller coaster
• Admission is around $17.00 to $21.00 dollars.
• Hours are 10:30 am to 7: 30 PM & Sunday 12pm to 7:30 PM
• Evening Special 4 PM to 7:30 PM

Red Butte Garden and Arboretum
300 Wakara Way, University of Utah
Research Park 801-581-IRIS
• Flower Gardens
• Sego Lily Fountain
• Nature hike
• Ponds and Waterfalls
• $3.00 for adults, and $2.00 for children, students and seniors (*Prices are subject to change)
• Hours are 9 am to Dusk (May through September)
• Hours are 10 am to 5 PM (October to April
• Open 7 days a week

The Sports Park
8695 S. Sandy Pkwy, Sandy
801-562-4444
• 7 batting cages
• 5 go-cart tracks
• 18-hole miniature golf course
• Video Arcade

Tracy Aviary at Liberty Park
589 E. 1300 S., Salt Lake City
801-322-BIRD
• Over 1,000 birds
• Summer hours are from 9 am to 6 PM, Monday-Friday, and until 4 PM on Sundays and holidays.
• Winter hours are from 9 am to 4:30 PM

Utah Fun Dome
4998 S. 360 W., Murray
801-265-3866
• Indoor roller coaster
• Bungee jump
• Laser Tag
• 2 miniature golf courses
• 30-lane bowling alley
• Roller skating Rink
• Arcade
• Bumper car
• No entrance fee, all attractions are individually priced

Utah Museum of Natural History
250 S. 1300 E., University of Utah
801-581-6927 or 801-581-4887 for the summer field adventure
• Help excavate Mastodon Bones
• 30 different Jurassic dinosaur skeletons
• Admission is $3.00 for adults and $1.00 for children

Wheeler Historic Farm
6351 S. 900 E., Salt Lake City
801-264-2212 or 801-264-2241 for camp information
• Interactive Farm
• Hay Rides
• Pet animals
• Admission is $2.00 for children ages 3 to 11 and senior citizens
• Admission is $3.00 for adults 12 and over (*Prices are subject to change)
• Admission includes a tour of the farmhouse, and a wagon ride around the property

FAQ’s



AREA CODES

The area code for Salt Lake City and surrounding area is (801).
The rest of the state including Park City is (435)

TIME ZONE
Salt Lake City is in the Mountain Time Zone and follows Daylight Savings Time.

TRANSPORTATION
Highways: Interstate-15 slices through Utah, north to south, from Idaho to Arizona. Interstate-80 crosses the northern part of the state from Wyoming, running west into Nevada. Interstate-84 runs northwest toward Idaho from Echo Junction near the Wyoming border. US-6 / US-191 is the major route through the eastern and southeastern portions of the state. Interstate-70 runs west from Colorado to a junction with I-15 in central Utah. US-666 enters Utah’s southeastern corner from southern Colorado and joins US-191.
I-15 Freeway Reconstruction: Reconstruction of Interstate 15 (I-15) will be going on until July of 2001. Daily updates of ramp closures are available by calling toll free 1-888-463-6415.
Airports: The major airport is Salt Lake City International Airport, which was ranked ninth best in the U.S. By “Conde Nast Traveler” magazine. For more information contact the Salt Lake International Airport. 801-575-2400
Bus Service: Greyhound Bus Lines access several Utah cities and towns. In northern Utah, buses make regular stops in Provo, Salt Lake City, Ogden, Birgham and Logan. In eastern Utah, Greyhound runs to Vernal and Price. Heading to southwestern Utah on I-15, the bus line makes stops in Beaver, Parowan, Cedar City and St. George. Contact: 800-231-2222
Light Rail: A light rail system designed for commuter travel provides access to Salt Lake City and vicinity. Much of the project will be functional in early 2000, with total completion by 2002. Fares are $1.00 within the valley. For more info call 801-287-4636
Railroad: In Northern Utah, Amtrak makes daily stops in Salt Lake City. The line also has service to Ogden, north of Salt Lake, and Provo, to the south. In eastern and southeastern Utah, there is service to Helper and Thompson Springs. Amtrak trains also stop in Milford in southwestern Utah. Amtrak phone: 800-872-7245.

HELPFUL PHONE NUMBERS:

Highway Conditions
511 within Utah and
866-511-8824 elsewhere

Airport Information 801-575-2400
I-15 Freeway Reconstruction 888-463-6415
Public Transportation 801-287-4636

POPULATION:
Salt Lake City Metro: 170,000
Salt Lake Area: 830,000
Wasatch Front: 1.5 million

ELEVATION:
Salt Lake City: 4330 feet / 1320 meters

ACCOMMODATIONS, DINING, NIGHTLIFE: Visitors to Salt Lake have their choice of 17,000 hotel rooms and 7,000 rooms in nearby communities. More accommodations are being built for the 2002 Winter Olympics. There are more than 300 restaurants in the Salt Lake area. Seventy-five restaurants and numerous nightclubs are within walking distance of the Salt Palace Convention Center, the Delta Center Arena and downtown hotels. Alcoholic beverages may be served with meals in restaurants and hotels. Drinks are also available in non-exclusive clubs where visitors are welcome to purchase temporary memberships at a nominal fee. Liquor can be purchased in state liquor stores located in the Salt Lake area. Click here for a complete list of Salt Lake Hotels – Motels and restaurants.

SALT LAKE CITY SKI RESORTS:

Alta: 33 miles from SL airport
Brighton:35 miles from SL airport
Snowbird:31 miles from SL airport
Solitude: 33 miles from SL airport

PARK CITY SKI RESORTS:

The Canyons:33 miles from SL airport
Deer Valley:39 miles from SL airport
Park City: 37 miles from SL airport

History



The settlement of Salt Lake City was not typical in many ways of the westward movement of settlers and pioneers in the United States. The people who founded the city in 1847 were Mormons, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. They did not come as individuals acting on their own, but as a well-organized, centrally directed group; and they came for a religious purpose, to establish a religious utopia in the wilderness, which they called the Kingdom of God on Earth. Like the Puritan founders of Massachusetts more than 200 years earlier, Mormons considered themselves on a mission from God, having been sent into the wilderness to establish a model society.

In many ways the history of Salt Lake is the story of that effort: its initial success; its movement away from the original ideas in the face of intense political, economic, and social pressure from the outside; and its increasing, but never complete, assimilation into the mainstream of American life. Its history has been the story of many peoples and of unsteady progress, and it was formed from a process of conflict–a conflict of ideas and values, of economic and political systems, of peoples with different cultural backgrounds, needs, and ambitions.

For about a generation after its founding, Salt Lake City was very much the kind of society its founders intended. A grand experiment in centralized planning and cooperative imagination, it was a relatively self-sufficient, egalitarian, and homogeneous society based mainly on irrigation agriculture and village industry. Religion infused almost every impulse, making it difficult to draw a line between religious and secular activities. A counterculture that differed in fundamental ways from its contemporary American society, it was close-knit, cohesive, and unified, a closely-woven fabric with only a few broken threads. The hand of the Mormon Church was ever present and ever active.

The extent of early Mormon pioneer unity can be, and often is, overstated. Even so, for the first few years of settlement, it was Salt Lake’s most striking feature. Gradually at first, however, and then more rapidly, the city began to change. The completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 and the subsequent spread of a network of rails throughout the territory ended the area’s geographic isolation. Its economy became more diversified and integrated into the national picture. Mining and smelting became leading industries. A business district, for which there was no provision in the original city plan, began to emerge in Salt Lake City. A working-class ghetto took shape in the area near and west of the railroad tracks. Urban services developed in much the same time and manner as in other cities in the United States, and by the beginning of the twentieth century Salt Lake was for its time a modern city. Main Street was a maze of wires and poles; an electric streetcar system served 10,000 people a day. There were full-time police and fire departments, four daily newspapers, ten cigar factories, and a well-established red-light district in the central business district. The population became increasingly diverse. In 1870 more than 90 percent of Salt Lake’s 12,000 residents were Mormons. In the next twenty years the non-Mormon population grew two to three times as rapidly as did the Mormon population. By 1890 half of the city’s 45,000 residents were non-Mormons; and there was also increasing variety among them, as a portion of the flood of twenty million immigrants who came to the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries found its way to Utah.

As Salt Lake changed, and in particular as the population became increasingly diverse, conflict developed between Mormons and non-Mormons. During its second generation, that was the city’s most striking feature, just as earlier the degree of unity was most conspicuous; Salt Lake became a battleground between those who were part of the new and embraced it and those who were part of the old and sought to hold on to that. Local politics featured neither of the national political parties and few national issues. Instead, there were local parties–the Mormon Church’s People’s party, and an anti-Mormon Liberal party–and during elections people essentially voted for or against the Mormon Church. Separate Mormon and Gentile (non-Mormon) residential neighborhoods developed. While many Mormons engaged in agricultural pursuits, few Gentiles owned farms. Two school systems operated: a predominantly Mormon public one and a mainly non-Mormon private one. Fraternal and commercial organizations did not cross religious lines. Sometimes Mormons and non-Mormons even celebrated national holidays like the Fourth of July separately.

Conflict began to moderate after 1890 when, as a result of intense pressure from the federal government, particularly in the form of the Edmunds Act of 1882 and the Edmunds-Tucker Act of 1887, Mormon leaders decided to begin a process of accommodation to the larger society and endeavor to conform to national economic, political, and social norms. In 1890 Mormon Church President Wilford Woodruff issued the Manifesto, which proclaimed an end to the further performance of plural marriages. A year later, the church dissolved its People’s party and divided the Mormon people between the Democratic and Republican parties. Following that, non-Mormons disbanded their Liberal party. During the next several years, the church abandoned its efforts to establish a self-sufficient, communitarian economy. It sold most church-owned businesses to private individuals and operated those it kept as income-producing ventures rather than as shared community enterprises.

These actions simply accelerated developments of the previous twenty years, and the next two or three decades were a watershed in Salt Lake’s history. The balance shifted during those years. By the 1920s, as Dale Morgan says, the city no longer offered the alternative to Babylon it once had, and the modern city had essentially emerged. The process has continued to the present, with Salt Lake City increasingly reflecting national patterns.

Since Utah became urbanized at about the same rate as the United States as a whole, Salt Lake faced the problems of urbanization and industrialization at the same time they were surfacing elsewhere, and it responded in similar ways. During the Progressive Era, for example, it established a regulated vice district on the west side, undertook a city beautification program, adopted the commission form of government in 1911, and that same year elected a socialist, Henry Lawrence, as city commissioner. The city languished through the 1920s, as the depressed conditions of mining and agriculture affected its prosperity. The Great Depression of the 1930s hit harder in Utah than it did in the nation as a whole. Salt Lake correspondingly suffered, making clear its close relationship with the world around it and its vulnerability to the fluctuations of the national economy; and New Deal programs were correspondingly important in both city and state.

World War II brought local prosperity as war industries proliferated along the Wasatch Front. In the post-war period defense industries remained important, and by the early 1960s Utah had the most defense-oriented economy in the nation. It has remained in the top ten ever since. During the 1950s a number of important capital improvement projects were undertaken, including a new airport terminal, improved parks and recreational facilities, upgraded storm sewers, and construction of the city’s first water-treatment plants. As a move to the suburbs began, the city’s population grew slowly, increasing by only 4 percent through the 1950s. Racial discrimination was still one of Salt Lake’s most serious problems. The real power in the city lay with a group of three men (though it is difficult to get specific information detailing their activities): David O. McKay, president of the Mormon church; Gus Backman, executive secretary of the Salt Lake City Chamber of Commerce; and John Fitzpatrick (and after his death in 1960, his successor, John H. Gallivan), publisher of the Salt Lake Tribune–representing, respectively, the city’s Mormon, inactive Mormon, and non-Mormon communities. The triumvirate continued to function through the 1960s.

Features of the period since 1960 include further enhancement of the city as the communications, financial, and industrial center of the Intermountain West; a declining population within the actual city boundaries (down fourteen percent between 1960 and 1980); the movement of both people and businesses to the suburbs as the valley population continues to increase; some decaying residential neighborhoods and a deteriorating downtown business district and the effort to deal with those conditions; the development of a post-industrial economy; and the rise to national prominence the Utah Jazz professional basketball team and of such cultural organizations as the Utah Symphony and Ballet West. The city’s population in 1990 was 159,936.

Salt Lake CityYet through all of this, Salt Lake has never become a typical American city; it remains unique. The Mormon Church is a dominant force, Mormonism is still its most conspicuous feature, and deep division between Mormons and non-Mormons continues, particularly on the social and cultural levels. There is still much to Nels Anderson’s observation in 1927 that Salt Lake is “a city of two selves,” a city with a “double personality.” As Dale Morgan observed more than forty years ago, Salt Lake is a “a strange town,” a place “with an obstinant character all its own.” That continues to be true.

John S. McCormick

Information



The Salt Lake Valley was settled in 1847 by Mormon pioneers (members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). The area offered a haven to practice their religion free from persecution. After an arduous trip by covered wagon through rough terrain, their leader, Brigham Young, spotted the valley and uttered the now-famous words, “This is the right place!” Little did he realize it would be the place for business, culture, fine dining, city adventures and a candidate for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games!

Statistics. Utah’s population is 1.8 million and 765,000 people live in the Salt Lake area. Utah has:
• One of the 10 lowest violent crime rates
• The youngest population
• One of the highest birth rates and the second lowest death rate
• The healthiest population
• The highest literacy rate
• The highest percentage of high school graduates
• The highest number of people with college education’s

Business & Employment. Utah has:
• The second largest concentration of computer software firms (Provo/Orem)
• One of the four largest concentrations of biomedical firms (Salt Lake)
• 450 high technology firms employing 13,000 workers.

Tourism, trade, government and manufacturing are Utah’s top four areas of employment. In 1994, CFO Magazine ranked Salt Lake as one of the best environments for business. In October 1993, Salt Lake tied with Indianapolis, Indiana as the eighth best place to live in North America.

Salt Lake CityTransportation. Interstate Highways 15 and 80 intersect in Salt Lake. “Conde Nast Traveler” magazine ranked Salt Lake City International Airport the ninth best in the U.S. The airport’s new International Building has customs and a duty free shop. Salt Lake International City Airport is closer to the heart of the city it serves (a ten minute drive) than nearly any other US airport. Nine major airlines and two regional carriers serve Salt Lake, offering a total of 624 arriving and departing flights daily, with 75,000 passenger seats. As the “Crossroads of the West” at least half of America’s population is located within a 2 12 hour flight from Salt Lake.

Hotels – Motels, Restaurants & Nightlife. Visitors to Salt Lake have their choice of 11,000 hotel rooms and 7,000 rooms in nearby communities. There are more than 300 restaurants in the Salt Lake area. Seventy-five restaurants and numerous nightclubs are within walking distance of the Salt Palace Convention Center, the Delta Center Arena and downtown hotels. Alcoholic beverages may be served with meals in restaurants and hotels. Drinks are also available in non-exclusive clubs where visitors are welcome to purchase temporary memberships at a nominal fee. Liquor can be purchased in state liquor stores located in the Salt Lake area.

Tourism. Seven million people visit the Salt Lake area each year. Sixty percent of the skiers at Salt Lake ski resorts are out-of-state and international visitors. In 1995, Life Magazine ranked Salt Lake as one of the top vacation getaways.

Sports & Recreation. Nine major ski resorts, three cross country ski areas and the nation’s only recreational ski jumping complex are less than an hour’s drive from downtown. During warmer seasons, Salt Lake canyons are filled with hikers, cyclists, rock climbers and picnickers. Utah is the home of the US Ski Team. Salt Lake’s low humidity (normally 15% or less) makes outdoor recreation more comfortable in both summer and winter. Sports fans enjoy two professional teams: The Utah Jazz – NBA basketball The Utah Grizzlies- IHL Hockey The Salt Lake Buzz – Triple A baseball

The Arts. Salt Lake is the perfect destination for patrons of the performing arts with:
• Ballet West
• The Utah Opera Company
• Ririe-Woodbury Dance Company
• Repertory Dance Theatre
• The Mormon Tabernacle Choir
• Numerous theater groups
• The Utah Symphony (12th largest in the US)
• Fifteen art galleries are within minutes of downtown hotels. Five more are only a short drive.

Museums of note in Salt Lake include:
• The Museum of Natural History
• The Utah State Historical Society
• The Utah Museum of the Fine Arts

Attractions. Eleven national parks are less than a day’s drive from Salt Lake. Five of those are located in Utah.

Top attractions for Salt Lake Visitors include: Historic Temple Square, The Beehive House, The Bingham Copper Mine (world’s largest open pit mine), Great Salt Lake, Antelope Island, This is the Place Monument and State Park, The Utah State Capitol Building.

Within walking distance of Salt Lake’s Delta Center Arena and downtown hotels, visitors can explore the ZCMI Center Mall and Crossroads Plaza, two of the largest indoor shopping malls in the country. Many of the shops are open every day and stay open late on weekdays.

Trolley Square, a restored historic trolley station turned shopping mall, is a few blocks from downtown Salt Lake.

Provo

Provo is located in the center of Utah Valley, also known as the state’s Mountainland Region. The Wasatch Mountains line the east, Utah Lake and the Oquirrh Mountains border the west, Mount Timpanogos on the north side and Mount Nebo stands on the south side.

Provo is proud to host the Olympic Women’s Hockey games at The Peaks Ice Arena for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games.

Some of the attractions in Provo include; Brigham Young University, Utah Lake State Park, Sundance Resort, McCurdy Historical Doll Museum, Provo LDS Temple, Provo Town Square, Seven Peaks Resort Water Park, Utah Valley Symphony

Population: 105,722 (1997)
Percentage of Increase (1980-97): 28.8%
Average Household Size: 3.5

Income: Median Household Income (1997): $41,800

History



Situated in the heart of Utah Valley between the east shore of Utah Lake and the towering Wasatch Mountains is the city of Provo. Mount Timpanogos (elevation 11,957 feet) dominates the northern view from the city. Other rugged mountains east of the city provide one of the most picturesque backdrops for a Utah city.

Utah Valley was the traditional home of Ute Indians, who settled in villages close to the lake both for protection from bellicose tribes to the northeast and to be close to their primary source of food–fish from the lake. The first white visitors to the Provo area were Fray Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Fray Silvestre Velez de Escalante, who visited Utah Valley in 1776. Only a retrenchment in Spanish New World colonization and missionary efforts prevented establishment of settlements promised by these Franciscan missionaries.

Fur trappers and traders frequented the area in the early decades of the nineteenth century, and it is from one of these trappers, Etienne Provost, that Provo takes its name.

Provo was settled by Mormons in 1849, and was the first Mormon colony in Utah outside of Salt Lake Valley. Troubles with Indians gave rise to a popular saying in early Utah: “Provo or hell!” When President James Buchanan sent United States troops to Salt Lake City to put down the “Mormon insurrection” in 1858, thousands of Mormons, including leader Brigham Young, moved to Provo. “The Move South” came to a quick end as the Mormons were “pardoned” and new governor Alfred Cumming made peace with the Saints.

Provo remained the second largest city in Utah until Ogden became Utah’s primary railroad terminus in 1869. Provo lost in its bid as a transcontinental railroad stopping place, but thereby retained its distinctly Mormon flavor. It soon came to be known as the “Garden City” because of its extensive fruit orchards, trees, and gardens.

In 1875 Brigham Young Academy was founded. From humble beginnings, this institution has grown into Brigham Young University, the largest church-affiliated university in the United States today. The city and the university have enjoyed a symbiotic relationship and have grown together. Today, the university has helped generate a fledgling high-technology industry in the Provo area and sometimes attracts national attention through its academic and sports programs.

Historically, Provo has served as the focal point of Utah Valley industry, commerce, and government. Agriculture and the Provo Woolen Mills (which had its origin in the Mormon cooperative movement of the late 1860s) served as Provo’s commercial staples in the late nineteenth century. Mining magnates such as Jesse Knight, made rich by nearby precious-metal mines, made their homes in Provo and helped create a thriving financial industry in the city. The coincidence of a major water source and the intersection of two railroad lines led to the completion in the Provo area of the Ironton steel mill in the early 1920s and later the much larger Geneva steel plant. The railroads brought in needed raw materials and transported finished steel products from Provo. Area residents currently argue about whether the Geneva plant, which many assert is a major cause of Provo’s serious air pollution problems, should continue to be operated or whether Provo should rely on new high technology as its industrial base. As county seat of Utah County, Provo is the home of county offices and courts. Since the mid-1880s Provo has been the home of the State Hospital, originally the Territorial Insane Asylum.

Because of its close proximity to the mountains, Utah Lake, and rivers, Provo residents have many recreational outlets. In winter, alpine and cross-country skiing, ice skating, and other winter sports are available within minutes. In summer, hiking, camping, fishing, and boating are equally accessible.

Provo residents have long been proud of their city. Supreme Court Justice George Sutherland, United States senators Reed Smoot (who also served as an apostle in the LDS Church) and William King; LDS Church apostle Dallin Oaks (who also served as president of Brigham Young University and as a justice of the Utah Supreme Court); Jack Dempsey, former heavyweight champion of the world, and numerous less well-known political, church, sports, and business figures have lived in Provo.

Today, Provo is a thriving community of 86,835 (1990 census). The city’s downtown heart is no larger the center of Utah Valley commerce, having lost that honor to large suburban shopping malls. Provo’s once proud train depot was recently demolished, a symbol of the declining importance of passenger rail transportation in the West. Provo’s downtown area remains, however, the focal point of Utah Valley political life, and nearby Brigham Young University remains the education center of the area. Provo has grown from a quiet, small Mormon city to a substantial modern metropolitan area. Some of its traditional quaintness is gone, but its heart and soul continue to thrive.

Information



The Provo River was named after Canadian fur trapper Etienne Provot. The city was settled in 1849.

Most Famous For: Brigham Young University; America’s Freedom Festival; Winterfest, Sundance, and Bridal Veil Falls

Attractions: Utah Lake State Park; Sundance Resort; Bean Life Science Museum, Bridal Veil Falls, BYU Earth Science Museum, BYU Museum of Art, BYU Museum of Peoples and Culture, McCurdy Historical Doll Museum, North Park Museum, Provo LDS Temple, Provo Town Square, Seven Peaks Resort Water Park, Utah Valley Symphony

Population: 101,154

Elevation: 4,549

Visitor Information:
Utah County Travel Council. Historic County Courthouse, 51 S. University Ave., Suite 110, 801-370-8393, 800-222-UTAH

City Parks: 21 parks

Churches: Most major denominations

Medical Services: Utah valley Regional Medical Center, 1034 N. 500 W., 801-373-7850

Auto Services: 93 gas stations and auto repair

Bus Station: Greyhound/Trailways, 124 N. 300 W., 801-373-4211

Walking Tours: Brigham Young University, 801-378-HOST

Mileage:
Destination Mileage
Bryce Canyon NP -215
Canyonlands NP – 259
Capitol Reef NP – 188
Cedar Breaks NM – 202
Flaming Gorge NRA – 195
Grand Canyon NP – 336
Glen Canyon (Lake Powell) NRA – 254
Zion NP – 264 Salt Lake City – 45

City Mileage
Nephi – 40
St. George – 258

Panguitch

Settled in 1864, Panguitch is Pauite Indian for “big fish,” because the Indians caught many big fish at nearby Panguitch Lake.

Most Famous For: Beautiful pioneer homes; gateway to Bryce Canyon National Park.

History



Panguitch, county seat and largest community of Garfield County, is built on the south side of the Panguitch Valley, on the north slope of the nearby mountains, and between Panguitch Creek on the west and the Sevier River on the east. The elevation most quoted by citizens is 6,666 feet. The settlement was first called Fairview, but the name was changed to Panguitch, an Indian word meaning “Big Fish,” for nearby Panguitch Lake, a wonderful fishing lake for both Indians and pioneers. The town’s land is generally arid and rocky, with sandy, fertile soil. The climate is severe, with sub-freezing weather seven months of the year.

In March 1864 fifty-four pioneer families led by Jens Neilson arrived the area from Parowan and other settlements. They came over much the same route followed later by Highway 20. A fort was built on the present school square. Cabins were built around the perimeter, pens and corrals were included for cattle, horses, and sheep. Land was soon cleared and irrigation ditches and canals were surveyed and dug. However, crops planted the first year failed to mature; the settlers gathered and ate frozen wheat.

During the first winter, supplies ran out. Seven men were sent to Parowan for grain. They drove teams as far as the base of the mountain, then proceeded on foot. The snow was deep, and the men sank and could not walk. One man accidentally dropped his quilt on the ground and found that it supported him. All seven men formed a line, laying their quilts on the snow and then walking across the quilts. This procedure was repeated all the way across the mountain, and the trek became known as the quilt walk. Parowan pioneers came to meet the men, who were fed, sheltered, and given grain. The men and food were taken as close to Panguitch as possible, but the grain still had to be carried across the mountain to the waiting teams. A happy welcome greeted the successful adventurers.

On 10 April 1865 three men were killed by Indians in Sanpete County–hostilities which started the Black Hawk War. The Panguitch community was advised to leave, and the town was abandoned in May 1866. Residents left their homes and crops and sought safety in Parowan and other communities.

In 1870 Brigham Young made a trip through the valley and decided it was time to resettle. He called George W. Sevy, a resident of Harmony, to gather a company and resettle Panguitch. The following notice appeared in the Deseret News in early 1871: “All those who wish to go with me to resettle Panquitch Valley, will meet me at Red Creek on the 4th day of March, 1871 and we will go over the mountain in company to settle that country.” The company arrived 18 or 19 March, found no snow on the ground, the dwellings and clearings unmolested, and even the crops of earlier settlers still standing.

The settlers first moved into the fort. Progress later brought a gristmill, sawmills, a shingle mill, post office, tannery, shoe shop, lime and brick kilns, a hotel, and a co-op store. The meetinghouse built in the fort continued to be used as a school and for church services. An early organization of the United Order was formed; however, it lasted only about two years and was dissolved.

Panguitch was believed to be in Iron County until 9 March 1882 when the territorial legislature created Garfield County and set the current boundaries. School districts were created and county officials appointed. There were no railroads at the time in Garfield County, which features extensive forest lands.

With a population of 500, Panguitch was incorporated in 1899. Agriculture along with cattle and sheep raising formed the basic economy. A dam was built at Panguitch Lake to enable it to hold more water for irrigation. The West Panguitch Irrigation Company controls the water from Panguitch Lake, while Sevier River water is managed by the Sevier River Water Users Association. Present ditches and canals follow courses laid out by early surveyors.

Panguitch architecture is characterized by beautiful, locally made, red brick. Making brick was a community affair. The two-story brick structures are generally the oldest; the second generation of red brick homes were one-story dwellings.

Electricity arrived in 1910. The Social Hall, built about 1900 and destroyed by fire before 1920, was rebuilt and was the center of drama, dance, social, scout, and youth activities, including court games. It is still in use today.

In 1940 Panguitch reached its largest population–2,500. The population in 1990 was 1,444. During World War II, many people left town to work in war industries. Three hundred forty-eight service men and seven nurses and WACs from Panguitch served during this war, and the period marked the beginning of an exodus of people from Panguitch.

In 1954-55, Croft Sawmills began operations in Panguitch and brought many new people into town while allowing many area people to remain. In 1970 Kaibab Industries acquired the sawmill and became the largest employer. Today the sawmill staff has been reduced to thirteen employees because of timber harvesting restrictions. Forest and range permits also limited the cattle and sheep industry. At the present time, tourism seems to be the best, economically feasible industry. Panguitch is near five national parks as well as monuments and near teeming trout streams and lakes. Campgrounds, recreation areas, a ski resort, and verdant forests surround the town.

Homecoming, July 24th, is the biggest local celebration and includes a parade, reunions (family and class), community breakfast, pit barbeque dinner, races, games, rodeo, and dance. A beautiful historic cemetery lies about two miles east of the town on Highway 89. Tombstones date in the 1870s.

To accommodate tourism Panguitch currently has fourteen motels, four restaurants, three fast food stores, five gas stations, three gas and convenience stores, a fabric store, two grocery stores, two hardware stores, a hospital and clinic, real estate offices, two Indian crafts stores, and a Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum. An elementary school, a middle school, and a high school, three LDS wards and a stake center, a Catholic church, a Baptist church, and the county courthouse and jail are available to serve community residents.

Information



Population: 1,444

Elevation: 6,624

Visitor Information:
• Garfield County Travel Council, 55 S. Main, 800-444-6689
• Visitor Information Center located north of town

City Parks: Panguitch Park

Churches: Baptist, Catholic, LDS

Medical Services: Garfield Memorial Hospital and Clinic, 224 N. 40 E., 435-676-8811

Auto Services: 5 gas stations, 4 auto repair

Springdale

Springdale Utah lies at the southwest entrance to Zion National Park and is the closest gateway city in the vicinity of the park. This Springdale city directory provides information about the community and the available services, along with information about Zion National Park itself. Zion draws nearly three million visitors each year and Springdale provides much of the lodging, dining and other travel services for the park.

Remember that as of May 26, 2000 the main canyon of Zion National Park will be closed to private vehicles. Shuttles available at staging areas in Springdale take visitors to all of the major points of interest within the main canyon. Private vehicles may still pass through the park on Highway 9 and through the tunnel. See the links below on Zion National Park and on the shuttle services.

Attractions

In the Springdale area, many enjoy hiking, camping, biking, riding ATVs, horseback riding, rock climbing, canyoneering in nearby slot canyons, and wildlife watching. Visitors who want to leave their gear at home will find that several local companies will equip any outdoor enthusiast with the right information and equipment for any activity.

Zion National Park is sure to keep your family busy while visiting Springdale. Many of the hikes in Zion are family friendly, and with shuttle services offered in various locations withing Springdale, transportation to the park is no hassle.

Climate:

Situated in Southwestern Utah, Springdale enjoys hot summers and mild winters. The normal daily temperature range in January is 29º F to 52º F while the range is 68º F to 100º F in July. You should plan to bring a coat with you if you will be traveling between the months of November and March, expecting possible lows of 32º F Lighter clothing is advisable between the months of May and September when temperatures typically rise over 100º F. Bringing rain gear is not a bad idea, but it does not normally rain more than two inches per month year round. Light snowfall can be expected in the winter months but there is usually just enough to last an afternoon, allowing visitors to gain a new perspective on the beautiful scenery of Springdale.

Springdale is in a beautiful desert with green shrubs and trees accented by the many colors of wildflowers. Since it is a desert, you should carry water when doing recreational activities since the area and air are dry.

Average Annual Temperatures:

January:High 52°FLow 29°F
April:High 73°FLow 43°F
July:High 100°FLow 68°F
October:High 78°FLow 49°F

City Mileages from Springdale:

Salt Lake City, UT:306 mi.
Grand Junction, CO:393 mi.
Albuquerque, NM:558 mi.
Denver, CO:635 mi.
Phoenix, AZ:392 mi.
Los Angeles, CA:427 mi.
Las Vegas, NV:158 mi.

Mileages to Recreation Areas:

Arches NP (Moab)336 mi.
Canyon NP87 mi.
Canyonlands NP (Moab)336 mi.
Capitol Reef NP400 mi.
Grand Canyon NP247 mi.
Grand Staircase-Escalante NM (Escalante)130 mi.

FAQ’s



History



Information



Park City

Park City is known for its famous ski resorts. Ask any resident and you’ll hear the same response time and time again. “I moved here for the winters, but I stayed here for the summers.” Though the sparkle of Utah’s famed powder is what attracts many first-time visitors to Park City’s mountains, sticking around to see those peaks dressed in green instead of white creates a love affair most can’t resist. Take a look at what Park City has to offer for both the winter and summer seasons.

Location


Without a doubt, Park City is one of the most accessible mountain resort communities in North America, perhaps the world.

Park City is located in the heart of the Wasatch Mountains, part of the Rocky Mountain Range and is just 36 miles from the Salt Lake City International Airport. In other words, once travelers arrive in Salt Lake, they are just 45 minutes from historic Park City and the town’s three world class resorts. Compare this fact to the distance from Denver International Airport to popular Colorado resorts: Aspen-223 miles; Vail-121 miles; Crested Butte-252 miles; Telluride-365 miles.

The Salt Lake City International Airport is served by 11 airlines with more than 670 arrivals and departures daily. Airlines include Alpine Aviation, America West, American, Continental, Delta, Frontier, Northwest, SkyWest, Southwest, TWA and United.

A few examples of flight times from major cities to Salt Lake City are: Atlanta-3:37; Chicago-3:02; Dallas-2:32; Los Angeles-1:38; New York-4:48; Orlando-4:25; San Francisco-1:31; Seattle-1:40; Washington D.C.-4:45. Sixty-eight U.S. and Canadian cities have non-stop service to Salt Lake City with Delta Air Lines offering more service to Salt Lake than any other airline. Plus, the Salt Lake City International Airport, the 22nd busiest in the country, consistently ranks number one for on-time arrivals and departures in surveys conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Facts



LOCATION: Park City is located in Utah’s Summit County, 36 miles east of the Salt Lake City International Airport via a six-lane interstate highway (I-80). Park City proper measures two miles from end to end. Four miles separate Park City’s three world-class resorts.

ACCESS: Salt Lake City International Airport is served by 11 airlines with over 670 arrivals and departures daily. Airlines include Alpine Aviation, America West, American, Continental, Delta, Frontier, Northwest, SkyWest, Southwest, TWA and United. Sixty-eight U.S. and Canadian cities have non-stop service to Salt Lake City. Delta Air Lines offers more service to Salt Lake than any other airline. Salt Lake City International Airport consistently ranks number one in the country for on-time arrivals and departures in surveys conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation. It is the 22nd busiest airport in the country and the 36th busiest in the world.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Park City is located in the heart of the Wasatch Mountains, part of the Rocky Mountain Range. The Wasatch-Cache National Forest is located nearby and offers opportunities for backpacking, hiking, camping and fishing.

ELEVATION: Within the city limits, altitudes range from 6,720 ft. to 8,460 ft. above sea level. The surrounding Wasatch Mountains rise to over 10,000 ft.

POPULATION: There are approximately 6,900 residents living in Park City proper year-round. About 24,000 people live in Summit County.

CLIMATE: Winter temperatures in Park City average between 24 degrees Fahrenheit to 33 degrees Fahrenheit. (During the summer the average is 80 degrees Fahrenheit.)

Park City’s summers are cool, dry and mild. The average summer high is 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Park City’s humidity is very low which makes the summer season comfortable and pleasant.

SNOWFALL: Average snowfall is 143 inches in town and 350 inches at the resorts.

AREA TRANSPORTATION: Park City operates a free city-wide bus service throughout the year. Hours of operation are 8 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., daily. Service runs every 20 minutes in the city. A trolley operates on historic Main Street from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. daily.

SKI INDUSTRY FIGURES:

41 percent of non-resident skiers visiting Utah stayed in Park City.
Park City skiers spend $347 per day, which includes lodging, food, lift tickets, ski rentals, entertainment and car rentals.
The average stay for Park City’s non-resident skier is 5.4 nights.
The average party size for Park City’s non-resident skier is 3.51 people.
91 percent of non-resident skiers traveling to Park City did so via air transportation.
Park City’s three resorts reported a record 1,252,886 skier days for the 1998-99 season.
Utah’s 14 ski and snowboard resorts reported 3.14 million skier days for the 1998-99 season, also a record.
OTHER FACTS:
More than $400 million in silver was mined from the hills surrounding Park City in its mining heyday, creating 23 millionaires.
More than 1,200 miles of tunnels wind through the surrounding mountains, remnants of the mining era.
Park City has been the home of the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Team since 1973 and the home of the United States Ski Association since 1988.
Park City will host over one-third of the medal events during the 2002 Olympic Winter Games at three separate competition venues.
The area boasts over 90 mountain lakes.
Park City offers over 40 outdoor concerts each summer.
Cycling and hiking enthusiasts can find 60-plus trails, covering more than 100 miles

History



Long before Park City became a year round, world class resort destination, hearty miners made and lost fortunes beneath the mountains surrounding the town. In fact, there were more residents in Park City at the turn of the century than there are today. However, when silver prices dropped, mines closed and Park City was perilously close to becoming a ghost town. Fortunately, skiing found its way to Park City and now the town is once again thriving. The following is a detailed look at Park City and its spirited past.

In the Beginning
It was the late 1860s when a group of prospecting soldiers, stationed near Salt Lake City, discovered silver in the hills surrounding what is today Park City.
In 1872, a trio of prospectors tapped into an extremely rich silver vein in Ontario Canyon. Word of the strike spread quickly, and adventurers from around the world flocked to the area turning the tiny camp into a boomtown.
The new population soon put down roots, the weekly Park Record newspaper was launched, and schools, churches and businesses were established. In 1884, Park City was incorporated as a town.

What’s in a Name?
Before the miners migrated to Park City, the area was referred to as upper Parleys. After the miners put down roots, the town was called several names including Mineral City and Parley’s Park City. Then on the Fourth of July 1872, locals dropped the ‘Parleys’ and the town officially became Park City. (In a historic journal entry, a member of the Snyder family referred to the area as a ‘veritable park,’ thus the name.)

Boom or …
The town’s residents enjoyed great prosperity for half a century. The mountains surrendered $400 million in silver and established many fortunes, including those of Utah’s Silver Queen Susanna Bransford, and George Hearst, father of newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst.
Park City was one of the few Utah towns established by non-Mormons. During the mining boom, 27 saloons existed on Park City’s Main Street to “whet the whistles” of thirsty miners.
Park City attracted a variety of nationalities during the mining days. The majority was Irish, but other nationalities included Swedes, Finns, Cornishmen, Chinese, Scots and Yugoslavians.

…Bust
Park City was not without its setbacks. During 1898, a major fire destroyed more than 200 businesses on Main Street. Within 18 months, the city was rebuilt.
Park City was said to be the greatest silver camp in the world with enough ore to last another 100 years. However, by the 1930s falling mineral prices ended the boom years, and enterprising Parkites began turning their attention from the treasure in the mountains to the snow on the surrounding slopes. Ski jumpers from around the world started competing at Ecker Hill in 1930. In 1946, the town’s first ski area, Snow Park, opened.

Skiing Catches On
As the sport of skiing caught on, three more ski areas were opened within four miles of town. Treasure Mountain Resort, now Park City Mountain Resort, opened in 1963 with the help of a loan from the Federal Area Redevelopment Administration.
The Canyons (formerly Park West and Wolf Mountain) opened five years later in 1968. Then in 1981, Deer Valley Resort opened incorporating many of the former Snow Park runs. In 1973, the U.S. Ski Team (now the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Team) made Park City its permanent home with the United States Ski Association following suit in 1988.

People Make the City
Park City is full of intriguing stories passed down through generations of Parkites. One such story comes from Utah’s prohibition days when Park City mortician George Archer kept locals supplied with liquor. Archer would drive his hearse to nearby Evanston, Wyoming, load-up with illegal whiskey, pull the shades and solemnly head back to his Park City funeral parlor. Local tavern owners would then replenish their supply by visiting Archer’s garage in the dark of night.

For More Info…
The Museum at 528 Main Street houses exhibits explaining Park City’s early beginnings as a mining town and the transition to a winter and summer resort destination. The museum was once the City Hall and is one of the 64 buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Utah’s Territorial Jail, in use longer than any other of its kind in the west, still remains intact in the basement of the building.

A new Visitor Information Center, located at the junction of Highways 224 and 248 as visitors first enter town, also offers endless information on the town and its surrounding area including lodging and dining options, activities, special events and history.

Winter Information



Following a record season for both skier days and overnight visitors during the 1999-00 year, the town of Park City and its three resorts can hardly wait for the coming winter, particularly after a busy and productive summer of yet more on-mountain improvements. In fact, between Deer Valley Resort, Park City Mountain Resort and The Canyons, more than $18 million was spent on mountain enhancements to further the overall skiing and snowboarding experience, for visitors and locals alike.

• Olympic Playground • Theater
• Resort Information • Winter Activities
Park City as a whole is on the brink of becoming one of North America’s premier resort destinations. Simply consider the facts:

Park City is located just 36 miles from Salt Lake City International Airport.
Each of our three resorts average 350 inches of “The Greatest Snow on Earth” (that’s over 29 feet!).
There are a total of 46 lifts and 8,350 acres of skiable terrain between our three resorts.
Park City will host over one-third of all medal events during the 2002 Winter Olympics.
Park City has more than 16,000 “pillows” and over 100 restaurants to fit every taste and budget. Cultural opportunities abound, including art in every medium imaginable.
Park City is a “real” town, celebrating its 130-year mining heritage throughout the community.
It is no wonder that those who have visited Park City realize it’s only a matter of time before the rest of the “ski world” recognizes all that Park City has to offer.

Summer Information



Ask any Park City resident. You’ll hear the same response time and time again. “I moved here for the winters, but I stayed here for the summers.” Though the sparkle of Utah’s famed powder is what attracts many first-time visitors to Park City’s mountains, sticking around to see those peaks dressed in green instead of white creates a love affair most can’t resist. The dry mountain climate, averaging 80 degrees on a typical Park City summer day, makes for ultra comfortable vacation conditions. And as high elevation temperatures drop each evening, there’s nary an air conditioner in Park City, but plenty a bed whose down comforters stay on yearlong.

Park City’s dramatic mountain peaks become green with sage, grasses, and the boughs of aspen, fir, scrub oak and pine. Throw in the dash of color that billowing hot air balloons or pockets of wildflowers provide: the yellow of yarrow, the violet of lupine, the magenta of Indian paintbrush. Add the gurgle of mountain streams to listen to, the expanse of nearby reservoirs to contemplate, the endless network of trails to explore and the fantastic sunsets that spread themselves over town like an unfolding picnic blanket. You’ll be hooked.

With summer temperatures so comfortable, and scenery so spectacular, it’s easy to see why so many tourists make Park City a stop on their summer vacation. Add our great location, so easily accessible to Salt Lake and some of Utah’s most pristine natural landscapes and recreational areas, and the variety of recreational, cultural, historic, shopping, and dining opportunities and you’ll realize Park City offers something for everyone during the summer months.

Into recreation? Try golfing on the town’s city golf course, or enjoy the two other public courses located within a scenic 30-mile drive from Park City limits. Over 100 miles of public mountain biking and hiking trails exist throughout Park City. Any number of mountain bike shops can outfit you with rentals, equipment, lessons, tips or tours if you like. The Rail Trail, railroad byways turned public trail, runs 29 miles from Park City to Coalville, making for a scenic daylong tour either by bike or hiking. Bring the kids up to the Little Miner’s Park at the Park City Mountain Resort where they can enjoy the Alpine Slide and a variety of other kiddie rides. Take them mountain biking or hiking, or sign them up for a week of summer day camp activities at Deer Valley Resort. Fly down the same bobsled track you’ll see the world’s finest athletes compete on during the 2002 Olympic Winter Games when you take a “rocket ride” at the Utah Winter Sports Park.

Perhaps you’re more into cultural events? Visit one of our 20-plus art galleries. Take in a Sundance film or quirky cult movie at the Park City Film Series. Enjoy a live performance with impressive local talent at the historic Egyptian Theatre on Park City’s Main Street. Bring a picnic and take in the soothing sounds of the Utah Symphony under the stars on the slopes of Deer Valley Resort, or kick back at the City Park for free weekly concerts. See a visiting ballet or modern dance troupe or a chamber music concert by the Summit Institute for the Arts and Humanities.

Maybe you’d prefer to simply sit on an outside patio with a lemonade or Park City home brew and watch the world go by. Since our town of 6,900 boasts more than 100 restaurants of all ethnic genres in a variety of price ranges and styles, you’ll have trouble narrowing down the choices. And shoppers can find everything from western cowboy fare to Indonesian pine furniture, fly-fishing paraphernalia, antique linens and lace, hand painted china, or Christmas ornaments in the array of Park City shops, boutiques and factory outlet stores. When you’re finished enjoying Park City’s many activities for the day, head back to your condo, bed and breakfast, guest house, hotel or lodge for a refreshing night’s sleep in the cool, mountain air — and recharge yourself to start all over again tomorrow. Enjoy!

Ogden

Ogden is a scenic mountain destination with fantastic family attractions, recreation, and beautiful scenery! Ogden has plenty of shops, dining areas, museums, galleries, cafes and boutiques that line historic downtown.

Ogden is located 35 minutes from the Salt Lake International Airport, and is framed by the Wasatch Mountains.
Some of the activities in Ogden include: world class ski resorts, 18 golf courses, snowmobiling, hiking, ballooning and much more!

Information



A major rendezvous site for mountain men in the 1820’s, Ogden was named after fur trapper Peter Skene Ogden when pioneers settled the area in 1850.

Most Famous For: Railroad center of intermountain area; Mt. Ben Lomond inspired logo for Paramount Pictures.

Attractions: Powder Mountain, Snow Basin, and Nordic Valley Ski & Summer Resorts; Hill Air Force Base; Fort Buenaventura State Park; Lagoon

Population: 67,763

Elevation: 4,500

Visitor Information:
• Golden Spike Empire
• Union Station, 2501 Wall Ave., 801-6278289

City Parks: 39 parks

Churches: Most major denominations

Medical Services:
• McKay-Dee Hospital, 3939 Harrison Blvd., 801-627-2800
• Ogden Regional Medical Center, 5475 S. 500 E., 801-479-2111

Auto Services: (24-hour service)

Bus Station:
• Greyhound, 801-394-5573
• Trailways Bus System, 2501 Grant Ave., 801-393-6868

Amtrak: Historic Union Station, 2501 Wall Ave., 801-627-3330, 800-USA-RAIL

Mileage:
Destination Mileage
Bryce Canyon NP -295
Canyonlands NP – 339
Capitol Reef NP – 268
Cedar Breaks NM – 282
Flaming Gorge NRA – 180
Grand Canyon NP – 416
Glen Canyon (Lake Powell) NRA – 334
Zion NP – 344 Brigham City – 21

City Mileage
Salt Lake City – 35
St. George – 338

History



Ogden City is located at the confluence of the Ogden and the Weber rivers in Weber County in northern Utah. In 1989 the city had a population of 69,000 residents. Weber County, which centers on Ogden as the county seat, had a population of 160,100.

Ogden claims to be the oldest settlement in Utah because of the founding in 1845 of a small picket enclosure, Fort Buenaventura, on the Weber River by Miles Goodyear, a mountain man working in the northern Utah area. Goodyear met the Mormons coming west in 1847 and offered his fort and claim, which the Mormons bought in November 1847. His claim included the fort and the area approximating the present Weber County boundaries.

In the fall of 1847 and the spring of 1848 James Brown and his family and the Lorin Farr family were sent by Brigham Young to begin settlement of the area, which became known as Brown’s Fort until 1851 when the name Ogden was given to the city. The name derives from the Hudson’s Bay Company trapper, Peter Skene Ogden, who was trapping in the valleys and mountains east of Ogden in 1825.

In the period from 1847 to 1870, the community survived as a rural agricultural area with small settlements forming along the Ogden and Weber rivers. In early times, settlement was limited by the extent that the water could be brought from the rivers and streams to the land. Later, the Pineview Dam and canal systems, and the Weber Basin Project in more recent times, expanded the water resources and the community consequently expanded.

With the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, the development of the Ogden community changed considerably. Politically, the Mormon community leadership was challenged by the increasing non-Mormon population that came into the area with the railroad. The non-Mormon leaders tried to wrestle the political and economic control of Utah from the Mormons and center their control at Corinne, a main stop on the transcontinental line north of Ogden.

Brigham Young and the Mormon leadership would allow none of this and took steps to bypass Corinne with a railroad line to the north as well as an agreement with the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroad companies that Ogden would be the main terminal of the transcontinental line. By 1874 the challenge of Corinne was over; Corinne continued to decline as businesses moved to Ogden, and Ogden became recognized as a major railroad and commercial center. In Ogden, Mormons and Gentiles (non-Mormons) mixed together in business and politics. In 1889 Fred J. Kiesel, a Gentile, was elected mayor of Ogden, the first breakthrough in Utah of the Mormon-dominated politics.

From the 1870s to World War II, Ogden was a major railroad town, with nine rail systems eventually having terminals there. Business and commercial houses flourished as Ogden with both east-west and north-south rail lines became a shipping and commerce center threatening to overshadow even Salt Lake City in that regard. Commerce houses such as those run by Fred J. Kiesel and the Kuhn Brothers, the manufacturing activities of John Scowcroft enterprises, the Amalgamated Sugar Company and other business ventures of David Eccles, the Utah Construction Corporation of the Wattis brothers, Thomas Dee, and David Eccles, and the shipment by rail to various markets outside Utah of the garden produce and fruits from local orchards were significant business activities of this period.

An attempt to further enhance this economic “boom” was promoted by William “Coin” Harvey, a resident of Ogden who sponsored a “Carnival” to draw developers of real estate and commerce to Ogden in 1890. Harvey’s efforts failed for the most part, and he went on to become a candidate for the presidency of the United States. Ogden’s commercial and railroad activities grew through World War I until the slowdown in the 1920s and the Great Depression of the 1930s created bad economic times.

The threat of war and the coming of World War II brought a renewed significance to Ogden as a transportation hub and center of government agencies and war industries. An aggressive Ogden Chamber of Commerce convinced the government to build Hill Air Base in the Ogden area in 1938. During the war years, Ogden was considered a safe interior area with an excellent system of rail connections to move needed war materials to the war zones. As a result, the Naval Supply Depot was built in Clearfield and the Utah General Depot in Ogden; the United States Forest Service Regional Office also was located in Ogden. German and Italian prisoners of war were interned in camps in the Ogden area. In its heyday during World War II as many as 119 passenger trains passed through Ogden every twenty-four-hour period.

After the war, the railroad business declined because of competition from automotive and air transportation; in the 1950s rail passenger service was almost entirely eliminated, except for Amtrack, which beginning in 1971 passed through Ogden on a tri-weekly schedule. Some government agencies and businesses related to the defense industry continued to gravitate to Ogden after the war–including the Internal Revenue Regional Center, the Marquardt Corporation, Boeing Corporation, Volvo-White Truck Corporation, Morton-Thiokol, and several other smaller operations. Ogden business leaders, realizing that Ogden was closely linked to government industries and thus suffered economic ups and downs because of changes in political ideas, devoted considerable effort to bring more private industry to the Ogden area. Through the efforts of the chamber of commerce and various business organizations, in recent years Ogden has attracted a variety of industries and commerce to its industrial park and mall areas.

Today Ogden enjoys a rather stable economic structure, which is no longer totally reliant on government projects and money. The community has a mixed population of Mormons and non-Mormons, and a variety of ethnic backgrounds, members of which are not as confrontational as they have been in the past but are more understanding and tolerant of the variety of people in the community. This mixture of ethnic and religious backgrounds has created a progressive attitude in community and educational affairs, and Ogden has a number of high-quality public and private schools. Weber State University provides quality education in many areas of learning at the university level.

Price

Price Utah


Settled in 1879, it was named after Mormon bishop William Price, who led an exploring party through Spanish Fork Canyon in 1869.

Information



Settled in 1879, it was named after Mormon bishop William Price, who led an exploring party through Spanish Fork Canyon in 1869. Read more Price history.

Most Famous For: Prehistoric Museum, College of Eastern Utah.

Population: 9,086

Elevation: 5,567

Visitor Information: 155 E. Main, 435-637-3009, 800-842-0789

City Parks: 4 parks

Churches: Most major denominations

Medical Services: Castleview Hospital, 300 N. Hospital Dr., 435-637-4800

Auto Services: 16 gas stations, 14 auto repair

Bus Station: Greyhound/Trailways, 277 N. Carbonville Rd., 435-637-3457

Mileage:

Destination Mileage
Bryce Canyon NP -219
Canyonlands NP – 185
Capitol Reef NP – 138
Cedar Breaks NM – 227
Flaming Gorge NRA – 154
Grand Canyon NP – 340
Glen Canyon (Lake Powell) NRA – 180
Zion NP – 269 Salt Lake City – 119

City Mileage
Provo – 74
Green River – 63
St. George – 282

History



Price, the county seat of Carbon County, is the largest city in the county and is located in the Price River Valley of the Colorado Plateau province of Utah. It is believed that Price was named after LDS Bishop William Price of Goshen, Utah, who explored the region in 1869. The area was originally a part of Sanpete County, and then was included in Emery County when it was created in 1880. Price was organized on 14 July 1892 while it was still a part of Emery County.

Caleb Baldwin Rhoades and Abraham Powell, trappers from Salem, Utah, were the first recorded settlers in the Price River Valley. They arrived in October 1877 and built a cabin in the northwest corner of what is now Price. The two returned to Salem when the trapping season was over. Their talk aroused interest in the area among their friends and families, and they soon convinced a group join them in relocating in the Price River Valley. However, Abraham Powell never returned to Price as he was killed by a bear on 7 December 1878 while hunting in the Nebo Mountains.

On 21 January 1879 Caleb Rhoades returned to the valley with two brothers, Frederick Empire Grames and Charles W. Grames. The men helped each other build homes for their families. Later that year, they were joined by their families and others, most coming from Utah County.

These early pioneers of Price experienced much hardship. Food was in short supply, and crops were difficult to grow because of a lack of irrigation water. Water had to be carried from the river in barrels and tanks. An irrigation ditch to carry water to the fields was of utmost importance. Construction of two ditches began in February 1879 when Caleb Rhoades and Frederick Grames began the project. A community effort eventually finished the two ditches, but it wasn’t until the Price Water Company Canal was finished in 1888 that the irrigation problem was solved. The canal is still in use today.

The character of Price changed dramatically with the completion of the railroad in 1883. Price was quickly transformed from an isolated farming community to the commercial hub of Castle Valley. The railroad was directly responsible for Price becoming the retail, political, educational, and cultural center of the area. The railroad also opened up the nearby coal mines, which brought thousands of foreign-born, non-Mormon immigrants to work the mines. Originally these miners lived in the coal camps near the mines, but Price gradually assimilated many of them, reflecting the ethnic diversity of the county and becoming a cultural hub as well. These immigrants came from many countries, but the majority were Greek, Italian, Austrian, and Japanese. This diversified population has remained today, making Price one of Utah’s most culturally complex and varied communities.

Price has a variety of stores and businesses, as well as many parks, recreational facilities, schools, and a full-service hospital. Price is also the home of the College of Eastern Utah, a rapidly growing community college. The recent expansion and remodeling of CEU’s Prehistoric Museum have made it one of the best of its kind in the world.

The economy of Price is very much tied to the coal industry, and therefore has been through many up and down cycles; but Price remains today the commercial and cultural center of Castle Valley. Its population in 1990 was 8,712. Price has always been and continues to be unique among Utah towns.

Kanab

Kanab is in the center of Utah’s scenic Southwest it is located just north of the Arizona border, 80 miles east of St. George. Traveling along Scenic Byway U.S. 89 puts you less than 90 minutes from Bryce, Zion, and Grand Canyon National parks. Pipe Springs, Cedar Breaks National Monument, Coral Pink Sand Dunes and Kodachrome Basin State Park are just minutes away. Glen Canyon National Recreation Area better known as Lake Powell is just a short 55 miles east of Kanab.

Information



Settled in 1874, Kanab means “willows” in the Paiute Indian language.

Most Famous For: Location of western movie making since 1927.

Attractions: Grand Canyon National Park

Population: 3,289

Elevation: 4,925

Visitor Information: Kane County Travel Council, 41 S. 400 E., 800-733-5263

City Parks:
City Park, 429 N. 100 E.
Coral Cliffs 9 hole Golf Course, 825 E. Hwy 89, 435-644-5005

Churches: Baptist, Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness, LDS, United

Medical Services: George R. Aiken Hospital, 221 W. 300 N., 435-644-5811

Auto Services: 13 gas stations (some 24-hour), 3 auto repair

Mileage:
Destination Mileage 
Bryce Canyon NP -77
Canyonlands NP – 331
Capitol Reef NP – 197
Cedar Breaks NM – 64
Flaming Gorge NRA – 416
Grand Canyon NP – 78
Glen Canyon (Lake Powell) NRA – 315
Zion NP – 41 Salt Lake City – 303

City Mileage

Cedar City – 79
St. George – 83
Page, Arizona – 75

   

History



Kanab, Utah, is a city celebrated for its breathtaking scenery, temperate climate, and sturdy settlers. A sort of oasis in the surrounding desert environment, Kanab’s wide, tree-lined streets and substantial architecture create a favorable atmosphere. The word “Kanab” comes from a Native American word for a willow basket used to carry an infant on its mother’s back. The first attempt by Anglo-Americans to establish a permanent settlement was made on 7 June 1858. The story of Kanab’s first two decades is one of a series of unsuccessful efforts at colonization, each discouraged by attacks from hostile Native American tribes who were clearly opposed to white settlement of the area. Originally, the area was considered suitable for cattle raising. But equally important was the extension of Mormon dominion into northern Arizona.

Jacob Hamblin played a key role in negotiations with the Native Americans that eventually opened up the area to white occupation. LDS Church President Brigham Young appointed Hamblin president of the Santa Clara Indian Mission on 4 August 1857. Hamblin organized a series of expeditions to the Paiute, the Moquis, and the Navajo to negotiate terms of peacefully sharing the land. Nevertheless, through the 1860s raids and confrontations occurred regularly between the two groups. Initial attempts at settlement of Kanab included a fort built in 1864-65 (soon vacated), another in 1868, and a third attempt in 1870 by a colony of seventeen settlers who came to the area from Cottonwood, south of Salt Lake City.

During the summer of 1870, the fort at Kanab was described as a bustling center of activity. It became the focal point for local pioneering, missionary work, and exploration, and was also a relief point, trading-post, and base of operations for the Geological Survey. President Young visited the fort in April 1870 to bless the land and set it apart for the gathering of the Saints. He made the decision to stock the country with cattle, sheep, and horses. Within months, the townsite was surveyed and town lots were distributed among the local families. The next day the Mormons organized a ward; in September the group built a schoolhouse.

A visitor to Kanab one year later described the struggles of the desert town: “The grasshoppers had taken part of the wheat that was growing. The crop was light at the best, having been planted with a lick and a promise and not watered until too late to have a satisfactory stand.” Because of the difficulty in working the land, the locals decided to organize cooperatively for farming. The group farm was located south of the town and included 120 acres of corn, cane, and other food products. In 1881 President John Taylor of the LDS Church called James Guthiar and Ruben Broadbent to move to Kanab to build a grist mill in Kanab Canyon, three miles north of town. During the 1890s, Zadok K. Judd built a small grist mill on his own property to the east of town. In 1915 a group of investors built a third major grist mill.

Although the railroad never came as far south and east as Kanab, the Deseret Telegraph line came to town in 1871 and connected the area to the rest of the world. Frederick Dellanbaugh, a member of the John Wesley Powell expedition through southern Utah, described Kanab in his book Canyon Voyage: “The village which had been started only a year or two was laid out in the characteristic Mormon style, with wide streets and regular lots, fenced by wattling willows between stakes. Irrigation ditches ran down each side of every street. The entire settlement had a thrifty air as is the case with the Mormons. Not a grog-shop or gambling saloon, or dance hall was to be seen; ordinarily the usual disgraceful accompaniments of the frontier town.”

As early as 1922 Kane County’s scenery and climate attracted movie producers and actors when Tom Mix filmed “Deadwood Coach,” with the Vermillion Cliffs as a backdrop. The motion picture industry provided a needed economic boost for Kanab during much of the twentieth century. Kanab had always been a cattle town, but its landscape became favored in many cowboy movies. Since the 1920s hundreds of movies have been filmed locally. Of significance to the development of Kanab was the construction of Glen Canyon Dam, begun in late 1956. The population of Kanab grew because of the boost to the economy.

Tourists also frequently come to Kanab to enjoy the splendors of the nearby landscape. The town is only minutes away by automobile from Kaibab National Forest, and Grand Canyon, Bryce, and Zion national parks. The nearby Coral Pink Sand Dunes and other scenic attractions also attract tourists, nature lovers, and other outdoor enthusiasts. In 1990 the thriving city had a population of 3,289 people. It is the county seat of Kane County and features many businesses, particularly in the tourist service sector. Kanab High School serves most of Kane County. Most Kanab residents are LDS and attend wards located in two stakes. Other churches include the Catholic Church of St. Christopher, Victory Baptist Church, United Church of Kanab, New Hope Bible Church, and a Jehovah’s Witnesses Assembly Hall.

Logan

Logan is surrounded by beautiful mountains and is nestled in the heart of Cache Valley. It is located 90 miles north of Salt Lake City.

Logan is home to Utah State University, Beaver Mountain Ski Resort and the Ellen Eccles Theater.
Some of the activities in Logan include; boating, fishing, hunting, hiking, Nordic and Alpine skiing, and camping.

Information



In 1859, settlers built a fort along todays Center Street. Logan was named for one of the trappers who cached furs in Cache Valley in the 1820’s.

Most Famous For: Utah State University; Beaver Mountain Ski Resort; Utah’s Festival of the American West; Utah Festival Opera; Cheese factories; Summer Theatre

Population: 32,762

Elevation: 4,525

Visitor Information: Bridgerland Travel Region and Cache Chamber of Commerce, 160 N. Main, 435-752-2161 or 800-882-4433

City Parks:
16 parks & Willow Park Zoo, 450 W. 700 S., 435-750-9893

Churches: Most major denominations

Medical Services: Logan Regional Hospital, 1400 N. 500 E., 435-752-2050

Auto Services: 35 gas stations, 15 auto repair

Bus Station:
Greyhound, 18 E. Center St. 435-752-8568
700 West, 435-752-5955

Mileage:

Destination Mileage
Bryce Canyon NP -341
Canyonlands NP – 385
Capitol Reef NP – 314
Cedar Breaks NM – 328
Flaming Gorge NRA – 212
Grand Canyon NP – 462
Glen Canyon (Lake Powell) NRA – 380
Zion NP – 390 Brigham City – 25

City Mileage
Salt Lake City – 81
St. George – 384

   

History



Founded in 1859, Logan, a city of approximately 33,000, is located on the east side of Cache Valley in northern Utah at the mouth of Logan Canyon.

On 6 June 1859 a small group of Mormon settlers sent to Cache Valley by Brigham Young surveyed a fort site near the banks of the Logan River and began harvesting logs for houses. By the middle of the month, the first drawing for parcels of land took place. A second group plowed land and planted three acres of wheat on 10 June on an area called “the island.” They constructed two rows of cabins facing each other, patterning the settlement after Salt Lake City, including streets wide enough for several vehicles to pass each other. By March 1860 there were 100 houses in the settlement, which was named Logan after an early trapper, Ephraim Logan. The city was incorporated on 17 January 1866 and Alvin Crockett was elected Logan’s first mayor.

Though not the first white settlement in Cache Valley, Logan became the principal city because of its central location and its abundant water supply for mills and irrigation. Farmers and their families gathered there to buy and sell; industries grew to service the community. Eventually, Logan became the county seat for Cache County.

In November 1859 Mormon apostles Orson Hyde and Ezra T. Benson installed William B. Preston as bishop of Logan. That winter the citizens built a schoolhouse which doubled as a meetinghouse for the seventeen families of the settlement. The founding settlers included John B. and Aaron D. Thatcher, W.B. Preston, George L. Farrell, Thomas E. Ricks, and their families. The Thatchers developed a family empire in Logan–including business interests in banking, merchandising, manufacturing, mining, building of railroads, and commerce. In the spring of 1860, the Thatcher patriarch, Hezekiah, brought the first assortment of general merchandise to the city.

Other early industries in the town consisted of a sawmill, a lime kiln, a tannery, and a carding mill. Of course, agriculture formed the basis of the local economy.

In the winter of 1865 work began on the Logan LDS Tabernacle but was halted for a time while some church leaders went on missions for the church. When work resumed, a new foundation of rock was put in, and the building was completed in 1878. Construction on the Logan LDS Temple began in 1877 and was completed in 1884. These two buildings remain as landmarks in the city.

In 1873 Logan had 2,033 inhabitants. In that year, the Right Reverend Daniel S. Tuttle organized St. John’s Episcopal Church in the city. From that time on an active group of parishioners organized a school, established businesses, and participated in city government. They helped prepare the way for people of many religious faiths to settle in Logan.

Higher education came to Cache Valley with the founding of Brigham Young College in 1878. Some ten years later, after the passage of the Lund Act by Congress, the Agricultural College of Utah, a land-grant institution, came into being; it opened its doors to students in 1890 with a faculty of eight. It was later known as Utah State Agricultural College, and is now Utah State University. Also in Logan, Bridgerland Applied Technology Center is one of five such schools in the state and trains 6,100 students in office, managerial, and technological subjects.

Logan is presently administered by a mayor and city council, and it is the center for county government. Its largest employer is Utah State University. There are more than sixty manufacturing industries located in and around Logan, including printing of business forms and yearbooks, exercise apparatus fabrication, the production of sewn products, wooden windows and doors, and cheese and meat processing plants. Logan also has many scientific research and computer firms. There are more than 200 retail outlets in the city.

Logan Regional Hospital serves northern Utah as well as parts of Idaho and Wyoming. Newspapers include The Herald Journal andThe Cache Citizen. Logan City School District instructs almost 5,500 students.

Cultural endeavors include the Festival of the American West, Summerfest Art and Jazz Fair, Old Lyric Repertory Theatre season, the Summer Concert Series, AVA Holly Faire, and the Capitol Arts Alliance, which is housed in the historic Capitol Theater on Main Street. Many museums provide talented local artists space to display their works.

The elevation of Logan is 4,775 feet, producing cold winters and cool summer nights. The nearby mountains, streams, and valleys offer sites for fishing, hunting, skiing, four-wheeling, hiking, and snowmobiling opportunities. Since World War II, Logan’s population has nearly doubled from 16,832 in 1950 to 32,762 in 1990.